With men starting to reach their 30s, it is crucial for couples to begin looking ahead to the possibility of a child.
In this new study, published in the journal The Journal of Sexual Medicine, a team of researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles, looked at the relationship between testosterone and fertility.
The researchers found that for men, a combination of testosterone and progesterone, combined with low-dose estrogen, can improve sperm counts, help reduce the risk of cervical cancer and even boost the chances of conception.
Men are now using the birth control pill, the first generation of which is available over-the-counter (OTC) without a prescription, to prevent pregnancy and maintain a healthy, balanced sex life, said Dr. Michael Hausman, the study’s lead author.
“With a testosterone boost, sperm counts and egg production are much higher and there is more chance of conceiving than in the past,” he said.
But for women, a testosterone injection can help maintain a normal sex life and reduce cervical cancer.
The researchers found a link between the birth of a healthy child and testosterone.
One study from 2009 found that men who received testosterone injections for the first time at a young age had lower rates of heart disease, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
Taken together, the new study indicates that the birth-control pill could help increase the chances for men to start families as they age and could be a good long-term solution for couples, said Hausmann, a professor of family medicine at the USC Longevity Institute.
With men starting at 30, it’s important for couples not only to be comfortable with the idea of a family but also to understand how it will work for them, said lead author Dr. Jennifer A. Sperling.
When men reach menopause, they can no longer control fertility or have control over their own health, and the fertility-control pills available now may not help.
The pill can be helpful for men in their early 30s and women in their 40s, but not for men.
Hausmans study looked at data from more than 7,000 couples, with ages ranging from 25 to 40.
For women, Sperlin said, the birth pill could be an option if men have a better relationship with their partner.
It is also possible to use the birth Control pill alone, Sverd said.
For example, she said, a woman who uses the pill to get pregnant, but then gets tested negative, could choose to get an injection.
Other factors that could increase the likelihood of conceving include a higher sperm count, a higher rate of menopauls ovarian reserve and a lower rate of breast cancer, the researchers said.
But it is important to look at how these factors relate to each other and how to optimize your testosterone dose, said Sperring.
There is also evidence that couples who have had a baby before can have better success with fertility after starting a family.
A 2014 study of couples who had babies and then were followed up showed that couples whose partners had babies after starting their families had more sex and were less likely to have a baby than couples who did not start a new family, the team reported.
This could also be a reason why couples who do not have children often become pregnant, Sherwin said.
“But the reality is that most people who are married have had children,” she said.